On the banks of a Siberian river, lays he remains of a 12, 400 year old puppy, frozen in permafrost, providing a chance for researchers to analyze a well-preserved Pleistocene canid for the very first time. The particular puppy is assumed to be a sibling of another which was discovered in 2011, and is believed to have been killed in a landslide before getting mummified.
While the previous find was in a more advanced state of decay, the latest discovery has been described by Sergey Fedorov of the North-East Federal University as “preserved from nose to tail, including the hair.” Perhaps the most intriguing feature of the ancient animal is its brain, which MRI scans have shown to be “70 to 80 percent” intact.
Talking with the Siberian Times, Dr. Pavel Nikolsky, research man of the Geological Institute in Moscow, stated that the brain “has dried up notably, however the cerebellum, parencephalon and the pituitary gland are noticeable. We are able to state that this is actually the very first time we’ve examined the brain of the Pleistocene canid.”
The sample – which DNA examination has exposed to be a dog rather than wolf – was found within the Sakha Republic on the banks of the River Syalakh. The stone tools breakthrough indicates human activity in the area, which lead to the speculations of researchers that the dog might have been a pet.
Regardless of analyzing the puppy’s brain, researchers also aspire to evaluate the microorganisms in its digestive tract and also the parasitic ticks present in its fur to be able to find out more about the variety of existence contained in Siberia throughout the Pleistocene – a geological epoch comprising the repeated glaciations referred to as the final Ice Age.
Joining the site of the discovery, controversial Korean scientist Hwang Woo-Suk, who has expressed a need to duplicate numerous creatures that are extinct, took some samples of the puppy’s cartilage, skin and muscle. Considered “very excited” concerning the degree of maintenance of cells that were theses tissues, he has recently included the listing of creatures he hopes to clone, which includes cave lions and woolly mammoths.