Today’s awesome science demo is brought to you by Lenz’s Law that shows the result after you dropped a magnet onto a copper pipe.
Oh, Physics, you never fail to mesmerize me!
So, what’s happening here?
An electric current induced by a changing magnetic field will flow such that it will create its own magnetic field that opposes the magnetic field that created it. These opposing fields occupying the same space at the same time result in a pair of forces. These forces are felt when you turn a generator and generate electricity. The more current you generate, the greater the force opposing you.
This force can also be felt if you try to drag a conductive, non-magnetic plate between the poles of a horseshoe magnet. The plate sees a changing magnetic field which creates a current in the plate, which creates its own magnetic field opposing the one that created it.
Heinrich Emil Lenz was a German physicist that formulated a law of electromagnetic induction back in 1833.