You have probably noticed that we endure the key amount of brain development from the we were created to around five years of age, but there is another vastly critical period within our lifestyles that affects the type of intellectual capabilities we end up getting – our teenage years. Sadly, these formative decades between ages of 13 and 19 aren’t just some of the very essential for our minds, they truly are also a complete headache of rebelliousness, hormones, and risk taking. So why all of the drama?
In the newest episode of AsapSCIENCE, it describes that our minds do not stop developing till we reach adolescence, meaning we are continuing to generate gray matter – the component accountable for such things as muscle control, sensory perception, memory function, speech, emotion and decision making – before the age of 12 in girls and 14 in boys.
And even after which, our brains will work very hard to be more effective, by reducing away gray matter that’s not anymore required, while growing the production of myelin – a fatty tissue that protects sensory paths to guarantee the fast transmission of electric impulses between the brain and to the different areas of the body.
However, at the same time, puberty is also taking place, and abruptly, our bodies possess a good deal of body chemicals that keeps under control. Puberty comes within the brain’s hypothalamus, where a cute-sounding protein that is named kisspeptin is launched, which kickstarts the pituitary gland to ramp-up the production of oestrogen, testosterone, and progesterone.
These hormones are very important for the development of our ovaries and testicles, however they also provide another main purpose – they induce us to find more emotionally charged experiences. Hence, rebelliousness takes place.
Along with this, the location of the brain that is related to planning and assessing consequences – the prefrontal cortex – has not yet been fully developed in adolescence, meaning to do anything silly as heck do not just calculate the probable results.
However it is not that simple as teens merely being moody risk takers, thanks to an excess of hormones. Reports have discovered that after driving alone, adults and teenagers takes as many risks to one another – the actual distinction occurs when there are other people inside the car because, hello, peer pressure.
There is a scientific reason on why out of all of the age ranges, teenagers would be the greatest at reading facial expressions, and why teens often dump their family unit members due to their buddies.
Just watch ASAPScience’s video below.